What is Oncology?

Oncology represents a critical area in human health. This branch of medical science deals with the study, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of cancer. Oncology deals with all aspects of cancer and specialists working in this field are called oncologists. In this article, we will explore in detail what oncology is, how it works and why it is important.

Oncology: Definition and Scope

Oncology comes from the Latin words “onkos” (mass or tumor) and “logy” (science or study). Therefore, oncology can be literally defined as “the science of tumors”. However, oncology is not limited to the study of tumors. It also includes topics such as the causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of cancer.

Importance of Oncology

Oncology is of great importance in the healthcare sector because cancer is a serious health problem worldwide.Cancer is a disease characterized by uncontrolled cell growth and can occur in different parts of the body.Because it poses a serious threat to human health, it is extremely important that cancer is properly understood and effectively treated.

Study Areas of Oncology

Oncology is divided into different sub-disciplines. These include medical oncology, radiation oncology and surgical oncology. Each sub-discipline represents a different approach in the fight against cancer.

    • Medical Oncology: Medical oncology deals with the use of drugs to treat cancer. It targets cancer cells with methods such as chemotherapy and targeted therapies.
    • Radiation Oncology: Radiation oncology involves the use of high-energy beams to target cancerous tissues. This can help kill cancer cells or stop their growth.
  • Surgical Oncology: Surgical oncology involves surgically removing cancerous tumors. This method can be used to control or completely eliminate cancer.

Treatment Methods of Oncology

Oncology offers a variety of treatment methods. These include techniques such as chemotherapy, radiotherapy, surgery and immunotherapy. Each treatment method is chosen depending on the type and stage of cancer and the patient’s general health.


    • Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy involves the use of drugs to kill cancer cells or stop their growth. These drugs are usually taken intravenously or by mouth.


    • Radiotherapy: Radiotherapy involves directing high-energy rays at cancer cells to destroy them or stop their growth.


    • Surgical Interventions: Surgical interventions involve the surgical removal of cancerous tumors. This can be used to prevent or control the spread of cancer.


  • Immunotherapy: Immunotherapy aims to strengthen the body’s immune system and help it fight cancer. This treatment can be effective for some types of cancer.

Oncology Access and Support

Access to and support for oncologic treatments is an important factor in the fight against cancer. Ensuring that patients receive the right treatment and are supported throughout the process can increase their chances of recovery. Therefore, access to oncology centers and specialists should be facilitated and psychological and social support should be provided to patients and their relatives.

In conclusion, oncology is a critical field for human health. Cancer is a major health problem worldwide and oncologists play an important role in the fight against cancer. Oncology covers topics such as the causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of cancer and offers different treatment methods. Ensuring patients have access to the right treatment and support is an important factor in the fight against cancer. If you want to receive medical support in this regard, you can contact Golgi Health team immediately and realize your treatment with our advanced technology health equipment.

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